The very first extensive autism research in China has shown how about one-hundredth of the people in the Chine have autism spectrum ailment – same as in West.
An international group of researchers (University of Cambridge, UK, and the China Disabled Persons’ Federation and Chinese University of Hong Kong) conducted this research.
Autism along with Asperger’s syndrome are categorized by deficiencies in communications, along with oddly recurring behavior and short attention spans.
One-hundredth child in the United Kingdom is autistic. However, autism occurrence in China is lower than in the west because most research in China has only considered special school inhabitants, not taken into account the majority school population. Also, most researches in China have not used trustworthy indicative methods.
Professor Simon Baron-Cohen who is the Director of the Autism Research Centre in Cambridge (ARC) said: “We need to study autism outside Western populations since most of the research to date has only been carried out in the West. This collaboration with colleagues in China is so valuable to help us understand what is universal and what is culture-specific in autism research.”
The researchers examined the total autism occurrence in conventional schools in Jilin City, and mainstream institute autism commonness in Jiamusi and Shenzhen cities. They considered children between ages 6 to 10, utilizing the Childhood Autism Screening Test (CAST), a questionnaire for parents. The questionnaire rates between 0 and 31; kids who scored 15 or more were clinically evaluated.
In cities such as Shenzhen and Jiamusi, only information regarding children in conventional schooling was accessible; in Shenzhen: autism was found in 42 of 10,000 children in conventional education, in Jiamusi, it was19 of 10,000.
“Contrary to previous studies, we have shown that the prevalence of autism spectrum conditions in China is in line with that found in the West,” Dr. Sophia Xiang Sun said, who Ph.D. is on this research at Cambridge University.
Professor Patrick Leung (Chinese University of Hong Kong), states: “Previous research into the autism spectrum in China has mainly focused on the most severe subtype, childhood autism. We have been able to use a standardized screening methodology, allowing us to compare the results with Western countries to show that autism occurs broadly at the same rate, irrespective of culture.”